Is Infertility Common?

Is Infertility Common?

April 8, 2024
min read

In our continuous effort to provide education and resources on reproductive health, Dominion Fertility is dedicated to shedding light on infertility—a condition that affects a significant portion of the global population, often shrouded in misconceptions and stigma.  

Is Infertility Becoming More Common?

woman with infertility discussing symptoms with doctor

Infertility is a condition characterized by the inability to achieve pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse. It is a multifaceted issue that can stem from a variety of physiological and sometimes psychological factors, affecting both men and women. Infertility does not discriminate, impacting individuals and couples across all demographics and geographical locations.

Recent years have seen a growing concern over what many perceive as a rise in infertility rates worldwide. Several factors contribute to this perception, including:

  • Delayed Parenthood: Many individuals are choosing to start families later in life, a time when fertility naturally begins to decline.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Increasing exposure to certain lifestyle factors, such as smoking, excessive alcohol use, obesity, and stress, has been linked to decreased fertility.
  • Environmental Influences: Exposure to pollutants and toxins in the environment has also been suggested to negatively impact reproductive health.
  • Greater Awareness and Diagnosis: Improved awareness and advancements in medical diagnostics have led to more people being diagnosed with infertility issues than in the past.

These factors, combined, give the impression that infertility is on the rise. However, it's important to contextualize these trends within broader social and health-related frameworks to fully understand their impact.

Can Infertility Be Unexplained?

The journey to understanding and addressing infertility is complex, with medical science continually uncovering new insights. While many cases of infertility can be explained through diagnostic evaluations, there remains a portion for which no clear cause can be identified, known as "unexplained infertility." Let's delve into the factors that are known to contribute to infertility:

Biological and Physiological Causes of Infertility

  • In Women: Issues such as ovulation disorders, fallopian tube damage, endometriosis, and uterine or cervical abnormalities are common causes.
  • In Men: Factors include low sperm count, poor sperm mobility, and issues with sperm morphology. Conditions such as varicocele (enlargement of veins within the scrotum) also play a role.

Lifestyle and Environmental Causes of Infertility

Both sexes can be affected by lifestyle choices and environmental exposures that impact fertility. These include, but are not limited to, diet and exercise, substance abuse, stress levels, and exposure to chemicals and radiation.

The cumulative effect of these factors in our modern lifestyle can significantly contribute to the increasing rates of infertility. The global shift towards urban living often exacerbates exposure to pollutants and encourages lifestyles that are more sedentary and stress-inducing, while also promoting diets high in processed foods and low in essential nutrients. Additionally, the delay in childbearing age, a trend in many societies for various reasons including career priorities, can also play a role in the observed increase in infertility rates, as fertility naturally declines with age.

Genetic Factors and Infertility

Advancements in genetic research have shown that certain genetic abnormalities and inherited conditions can influence fertility, offering explanations for previously unexplained cases.

Despite these known causes, the complexity of human biology means that not all cases of infertility can be fully explained. Ongoing research continues to shed light on this issue, and we continue to learn more about infertility and new treatments.

Navigating Infertility and Fertility Treatment

couple pregnant after seeking infertility treatment

The journey through infertility is often fraught with emotional, physical, and sometimes financial challenges. However, the landscape of infertility treatment and support is evolving, with advancements in reproductive medicine offering new hope and treatment options to those affected. From cutting-edge reproductive technologies to holistic approaches that address lifestyle and environmental factors, the field is ever-expanding.

Moreover, the conversation around infertility is changing. Increased infertility awareness and understanding are helping to reduce stigma and encourage open discussions about fertility challenges. Counseling, support groups and communities, both online and in-person, provide invaluable resources and a sense of community for individuals and couples navigating this path.

At Dominion Fertility, we are committed to being at the forefront of these advancements and conversations. Our mission is not only to offer the latest in reproductive health care but also to foster a supportive environment where questions can be answered, and voices heard.  

Connect with our team to learn more about your infertility treatment options.  

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